Children should have their eyes tested before their third birthday to help ensure good eye health. Besides farsightedness, nearsightedness and astigmatism, children also need to be screened for strabismus and amblyopia.
Strabismus is the misalignment of the eyes. One eye looks straight ahead, while the other eye looks inward, to the side, up or down.
Babies sometimes appear to have strabismus but outgrow it. True strabismus needs treatment and cannot be outgrown. All infants that have crossing or poor eye coordination should be examined in their first year of life.
If your child's eyes appear misaligned, the child has problems with depth perception and squints one eye in bright light, an exam and treatment now could prevent a lifetime of vision trouble.
Amblyopia, often called "lazy eye" can be caused by droopy eyelids, congenital cataract, imbalance of refractive error and poor eye alignment. The brain doesn't develop the ability to see a sharp image in the weak eye.